An air conditioning unit is usually designed to remove any unwanted heat in a room, whether residential or commercial. By understanding how air conditioning units work, you will be able to handle them properly. By using the AC unit efficiently, you can also save a lot of money on maintenance and repair.
AC units come in different types. These include ductless mini-split systems, geothermal window units, portable ACs and many more. All these various types have the same types of parts which include refrigerant lines, evaporator coils, condensing units and much more. They work to ensure that the fan and control system work effectively with the entire unit to cool down the area.
If you want your AC unit to work efficiently, you need to make sure the installation is done properly. You should hire the best AC installation experts to guarantee proper installation. However, here is a beginner’s guide to air conditioning installation that you need to confirm.
Checklist For Air Conditioner Installation
Every installation for an air conditioning unit is different depending on various reasons. When you hire an installation expert, you should ask them to guide you on the process of handling things. Here’s what you need to know about AC installation as a beginner and how to make sure it is done in the right way.
1. The Outdoor Unit
First, make sure the outdoor unit is levelled. That way, it can guarantee proper distribution that is responsible for lubricating the compressor efficiently. Secondly, the outdoor unit should be placed on a protective pad. The pad should be made out of hardened concrete or plastic. It’s very crucial to ensure that the installation of the outdoor unit comes with a solid foundation.
Also, the outdoor unit should be installed at least 1 foot away from your house. That way, it can guarantee proper air circulation. Without proper air circulation, the outdoor unit will operate under a lot of pressure and will use a lot of electricity. Eventually, you will be paying much more for electricity. Don’t forget, if the unit is working under too much pressure, there will be accelerated wear and tear which uses up a lot of the maintenance and repair costs.
Lastly, the outdoor unit should always be properly ventilated. Also, it should be placed under a proper shade to avoid wear and tear. Ensuring these factors during the installation process prevents a lot of expenses down the line.
2. Refrigerant Dryer
Any air conditioner should always come with a filter or refrigerant dryer. It looks like a metal can that surrounds a refrigerant line. You can check the back of your unit to identify it. However, if there are no jagged lines, you can look at the interior of the AC unit since most modern brands have installed the filters inside.
You need to make sure that the components of the AC unit are not damaged by moisture, especially for the refrigerant systems. The combination of heat, moisture and the refrigerant can result in the production of acid that will eventually lead to a leakage of the whole system. You will end up spending too much money on the repair and maintenance of the whole system.
Make sure there is a cable placed within 3 feet of the outdoor unit which is used for electrical connection. You need to follow these regulations since it’s one of the safety requirements in place for repairs, maintenance and any emergencies. Most building codes have this regulation, regardless of whether they are commercial or residential buildings.
The outdoor unit is usually connected to the indoor unit using a large copper wire. The copper wire should be properly insulated to ensure maximum efficiency. You should look at the insulation carefully to identify any tampering or tearing. If you want your compressor to continue working normally, you need to ensure there are no holes in the insulation. The copper wire should only be cut to the desired length but should remain as short as possible and meet the building codes.
On the other hand, the copper wire should be supported for every 3 to 4 feet. There shouldn’t be any sagging because if present the oil will be trapped inside. Note that, the oil is mostly used to lubricate the compressor. As such, if the compressor doesn’t get the oil it needs for proper functioning, the air conditioning unit will start deteriorating very fast.
The main drain pipe used for emergency connection as well as the indoor coil should be connected to a suitable drain. Otherwise, there will be a system lag that will affect your entire unit. After installation, you should run the entire system to get a complete cooling cycle. It’s meant to ensure that everything is working properly.
At this time, you can also check to confirm if the temperature of the AC unit drops in the evaporator coil. If the air conditioning unit is efficient at this stage, you can confirm this by ensuring the normal temperature remains at 12 to 14 degrees.
Choosing The Best Installation Experts
Now that you understand a little bit about the installation process of an air conditioning unit, you need to choose the best installation experts for the job. Start by checking their experience, reputation, professionalism and their rates. You need to do your research to make sure you find the best installation experts who can offer guarantees and warranties for their job to avoid any surprises later.